Tanzania banner image
Tanzania Image

Life Expectancy at Birth 60.9 years

Under-five mortality rate 51 of 1,000 children will die before the age of five.

% of children moderately to severely malnourished. 42%

% of people in rural communities who use improved drinking water sources 44.1%

% of people in rural communities who use improved sanitation facilities 7.4%

GNI (Gross National Index) per capita (US$) $570

% of population who earn less than $1.25/day 67.9%

Youth literacy rates Males 76.5%
Females 72.8%

CPAR has been working in Tanzania since 2003. 

Situated in eastern Africa just south of the equator, mainland Tanzania covers 945,087 sq km and is flanked by Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganyika, and the Indian Ocean. Tanzania is surrounded by Uganda, Kenya, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi and Rwanda.  The part of Tanzania known as Zanzibar is made up of the islands of Zanzibar and Pemba, as well as other small islets.

There are about 130 tribes in Tanzania that have been categorized into five different ethnic groups, with about 95 per cent of Tanzanians classified as Bantu. Most Tanzanians speak variations of Bantu languages and dialects, but Swahili (or Kiswahili) is the country’s official language.

Except for the islands and a coastal strip, a plateau makes up the greater part of the country. Tanzania is a very mountainous country and is home to Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa. There are two rainy seasons in the north, from November to December and from March to May, and one rainy season in the south which lasts from November to March.

Tanzania’s major concerns include food insecurity resulting from poverty as well as environmental issues such as deforestation, desertification and soil erosion. High rates of maternal death and HIV/AIDS are major public health concerns. The water in this region is both scarce and contaminated. This problem, coupled with substandard hygiene practices among the populace, has led to the spread of waterborne diseases, including outbreaks of cholera.

CPAR currently operates out of Bunda Town where staff – all Tanzanian nationals – are implementing projects related to maternal, newborn and child health, food security, improving livelihoods, nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene and environmental rehabilitation.