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Ethiopia Image

Life Expectancy at Birth 63

Under-five mortality rate 68 of every 1,000 children will die before the age of 5

% of children moderately to severely malnourished. 44.4 per cent

% of people in rural communities who use improved drinking water sources 39.3 per cent

% of people in rural communities who use improved sanitation facilities 19.4 per cent

GNI (Gross National Index) per capita (US$) $410

% of population who earn less than $1.25/day 30.7 per cent

Youth literacy rates Male 63 per cent
Females 47 per cent

CPAR has been working in Ethiopia since 1984.

Situated in eastern Africa, Ethiopia is a landlocked country of about 1,127,127 sq. km, surrounded by Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, Sudan and South Sudan.

There are over 80 ethnic groups and languages in the country; the Oromo ethnic group represents the largest, 40 per cent of the country and Amharic is the official national language. Ethiopia is one of only two countries with its own alphabet.

Ethiopia is a country of geographical contrasts, with lowlands, a central plateau and desert areas. June, July and August is the rainy season, while the high plateau area also has a second, milder rainy season between December and February. 55 percent of households in Ethiopia have access to improved source of drinking water, with a much higher proportion among urban households (95 per cent) than among rural households (46 per cent) (Ethiopian Mini DHS, 2014).

Climate change, combined with overgrazing, deforestation, and poor agricultural practices, have led to the loss of farmland in the country. Drought and a 17-year civil war that ended in 1991 have also contributed to Ethiopia’s environmental problems.

CPAR began working in Ethiopia in 1984 to provide emergency relief in response to what was the worst famine in Ethiopia in 100 years. Canadian doctors travelled to Ethiopia to deliver direct medical services, initiate emergency feeding programs for severely malnourished children, and to establish vaccination programs.

Since that time, CPAR has initiated development programs to build resiliency so that rural communities are equipped to survive future crises.

CPAR has a head office in the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa, which is shared with other NGOs. CPAR’s staff in Ethiopia are all nationals.